Terribilità: Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni
十六世纪的意大利流传着这么一个单词“Terribilità”，它的意思是：一种引起恐惧、敬畏、或崇高的品质。这个单词如今成为一位著名画家、雕塑家的代名词，他就是米开朗基罗(Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni)
The word “Terribilità” is circulated in Italy in the sixteenth century, meaning a quality that causes fear, awe, or sublime. The word is now synonymous with a famous painter and sculptor, he is Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni.
The use of “Terribilità” to describe him is partly because his character is so bad that no one can deal with him, and partly because his work is so exquisite and expressive that it “causes fear” “. So what are the “horror” works of this “horror” master?
This sculpture is also known as “The Lamentation over the Dead Christ” or “Pietà” and is the only signed work by Michelangelo. The story is based on the Bible and depicts the grief of the Virgin Mary holding the crucified Christ. Virgin Mary is portrayed as a young girl. Michelangelo believes that “Virgin Mary is a pure and noble incarnation, so she must be able to maintain her youthful and beautiful face forever.” Virgin Mary lowered her head and stared at the Son, from which she could feel the sorrow of the Madonna “no more than death.”
This “David” was originally Donatello’s unfinished semi-finished product. After 25 years, Michelangelo was commissioned to transform this semi-finished product. With a high degree of understanding of human body structure, he carved this “most notable male boast sculpture in Western art history”. “David” is one of the sculptors’ favorite carving themes. The David of Donatello we mentioned in the previous article depicts the moment when the young David won the victory and stepped on the head of the giant; Michelangelo David’s depicts a “godlike” moment of tension before David’s stone-throwing. His body posture is more like a rest, but his eyes are firm and confident. This is also Michelangelo’s emphasis on “people” and high evaluation, that is, people can also be tall and handsome like gods.
Michelangelo’s portrayal of David is very detailed, and even the green bars bursting out of his arms are carved out. He even considered that the viewer would look up at the sculpture, so he could enlarge the proportion of David’s head so that the viewer could see a harmonious David when he looked up.
米开朗基罗在西斯廷大厅中央绘制了9幅宗教题材的壁画，但这9幅壁画实际上画的是“人”而不是“神”，每幅作品中都可以读出米开朗基罗想要传达的人文思想。故事取材于《圣经》，分别描绘了《神分光暗》、《创造日、月、草木》、《神分水陆》、《创造亚当》、《创造夏娃》、《原罪 — 逐出伊甸园》、《诺亚献祭》、《大洪水》、和《诺亚醉酒》。原本的任务是绘制12个人物，但是当《创世纪》完成后，画面上的人物多达300人。
Michelangelo painted 9 religious murals in the center of the Sistine Hall, but these 9 murals actually painted “human” rather than “god”, and Michelangelo can be read in each work Humanistic thoughts to be conveyed. The story is based on the Bible, which depicts “Divine Divide Light”, “Creation Day, Moon, and Plants”, “Divine Divide Land”, “Creating Adam”, “Creating Eve”, “Original Sin-Eviction from the Garden of Eden”, “ Noah ’s Sacrifice, The Great Flood, and Noah ’s Drunk. The original task was to draw 12 characters, but when “Genesis” was completed, there were as many as 300 figures.
The most famous one is “The Creation of Adam”. From the composition point of view, the left side of the painting is the created Adam, and the right side is the Creator God. Adam’s body is as large as the body of God, like a mirror image of echoes. Adam was lying on the grass, and God was wrapped in red in the shape of a “brain.” It seemed to imply: “The consciousness is the real gift given to him by the Creator.”
This giant altarpiece is based on the story depicted in “Apocalypse”. Jesus comes again, judging the good and evil souls of the world, the good go to heaven, and the evil go to hell.
This is a large mural depicting about 400 people. So how to arrange these characters in the picture reasonably? Michelangelo was inspired by the hell chapter of Dante’s Divine, forming a rhythm-like circle centered on Christ, making many characters and plots unified. The picture can be roughly divided into four parts. The uppermost layer is the angel of heaven, Jesus is at the center of the picture, the ruling soul is below, and the bottom is hell. He draws the figure above larger and the figure below smaller, to solve the problem of incorrect proportions when the viewer looks up at the mural from below.
Jesus in the painting with a majestic look, contrary to the appearance of the savior in the Bible, once caused the city of Rome to fall over. In order to embody the human thought centered on “people”, Michelangelo boldly painted the figures in the painting as nudes, but Pope Paul IV believed that the nudes blasphemed the gods, so he ordered all the nudes to be considered to be decorated with clothes. The painter was also commented scholarly with an interesting name an “underwear manufacturer”.