Daumier: Depicting the Third World

Artlytics Org
2 min readSep 8, 2020


奥诺雷·杜米埃(Honoré Daumier)(1808–1879)是法国著名油画家、版画家、雕塑家以及漫画家。他出生于法国马赛一个工人家庭,日子清贫,做过学徒,当过信使,做过店员,种种经历使他对下层人民的生活格外了解。

Honoré Daumier (1808–1879) was a famous French painter, printmaker, sculptor, and cartoonist. He was born in a working family in Marseille, France. He lived in poverty, working around multiple jobs to make a living such as apprentice, postman, and shop assistant. All kinds of experiences made him have a better understanding of the lives of the lower classes.


In 1825, Daumier began to create paintings. Most of his early works were published in “Satire” magazine, reflecting the people’s suffering and criticizing the government’s corruption.

Gargantua, Honoré Daumier, 1831, lithograph, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris, France


In 1832, Daumier was imprisoned for drawing the satirical lithograph “Gargantua”. “Gargantua” is a greedy character in the novel “Gargantua and of Pantagruel.” Daumier satirizes Louis Philippe through this character, who exploited the working people from their hard work with a big mouth open. As soon as this work was made public, it immediately caused an uproar.

The Third-Class Carriage(New York), Honoré Daumier, 1862–1864, Oil on canvas, 65.4cm x 90.2cm, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City


Most of Daumier’s paintings have the theme of the ordinary life of the people in the lower classes. Just like this “The Third-Class Carriage”, bold and powerful brushstrokes, strong color contrast, rough and pungent characters, and as original as it comes from real lives.

Artlytics Org